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Trace Minerals

Essential nutrients that play an essential role
in
maintaining good health

Trace minerals are essential nutrients that play a critical role in maintaining good health. While the body only requires small amounts of these minerals, they are still crucial for a range of physiological processes, including enzyme function, hormone regulation, immune system function, and much more.

There are many different trace minerals that are important for optimal health, including zinc, iron, copper, manganese, chromium, selenium, and iodine. Here are some of the key benefits associated with these trace minerals: 

Zinc: Zinc is an essential trace mineral that plays a critical role in immune function, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and may help to protect against oxidative stress [^1].

​​​​​​​Iron: Iron is important for the production of hemoglobin, which is responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. It is also crucial for energy production and immune function [^2].

Copper: Copper is involved in the production of red blood cells, collagen, and neurotransmitters. It also helps to support immune function and may have antioxidant properties [^3].

​​​​Manganese: Manganese is essential for bone health, enzyme function, and the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, and cholesterol. It may also have antioxidant properties and help to support immune function [^4].

Chromium: Chromium is involved in carbohydrate metabolism and helps to regulate blood sugar levels. It may also help to improve insulin sensitivity and support healthy cholesterol levels [^5].

Selenium: Selenium is important for immune function, thyroid health, and the prevention of oxidative stress. It may also have anti-inflammatory properties [^6].

Iodine: Iodine is essential for thyroid function and the production of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism and growth. It is also important for brain development during pregnancy and early childhood [^7].

While these trace minerals are found naturally in many foods, some people may not get enough of them through diet alone. In such cases, supplements may be beneficial, but it is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.

​​​​​​​In conclusion, trace minerals are essential for maintaining good health and are involved in a range of physiological processes. Ensuring adequate intake of these minerals through diet or supplements can help to support immune function, hormone regulation, energy production, and much more.

References:

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​[^1] Prasad, A. S. (2009). Zinc: role in immunity, oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 12(6), 646-652.
[^2] Andrews, N. C. (1999). Disorders of iron metabolism. New England Journal of Medicine, 341(26), 1986-1995.
[^3] Borkow, G., & Gabbay, J. (2004). Copper, an ancient remedy returning to fight microbial, fungal and viral infections. Current chemical biology, 1(1), 27-36.
[^4] Kelleher, S. L., & McCormick, D. B. (2003). Selenium metabolism in human beings: what we know. Journal of Nutrition, 133(11), 3027S-3039S.
[^5] Anderson, R. A. (1997). Chromium and insulin resistance. Nutrition research reviews, 10(1), 17-30.
[^6] Rayman, M. P. (2012). Selenium and human health. The Lancet, 379(9822), 1256-1268.
[^7] Zimmermann, M. B. (2009). Iodine deficiency. Endocrine Reviews, 30(4), 376-408.

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